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Italië bezienswaardigheden

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Colosseum
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4818
2.037 Tours en activiteiten

Het Colosseum in Rome is een van de bekendste plekken uit de oudheid (voor een gebouw uit 80 na Christus is het nog in goede staat). Hier keken de Romeinse keizers naar de dodelijke gevechten van gladiatoren en hun jacht op wilde dieren.

Het stadion is gebouwd om het gewone volk ook te kunnen laten meegenieten van de gevechten. Entree was gratis, hoewel men plekken kreeg naar rang en stand. Gladiatorengevechten werden in 438 verboden, de jacht op wilde dieren ging nog door tot 523.

Het Colosseum valt op door zijn complexe en geavanceerde architectuur en bouwtechniek. Hoewel er op verschillende momenten delen zijn hergebruikt als bouwmateriaal is het nog steeds grotendeels intact. Herkenbaar voor dit gebouw zijn de gelaagde tribunes, de gangen en de ondergrondse ruimten waar de dieren en gladiatoren hun lot moesten afwachten. Eigenlijk heeft dit gebouw aan de wieg gestaan van alle moderne stadions, met dat verschil dat huidige teams hun strijd overleven.

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Leaning Tower of Pisa
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131
271 Tours en activiteiten

The Leaning Tower of Pisa is one of the most famous structures in the world – not because of its gently rising series of arches, but because of its legendary tilt.

Constructed as the bell tower to accompany the cathedral, the tower began to shift on its foundations in 1178, before the architect, Bonanno Pisano, had completed the first three tiers.

Fortunately, the lean has now been halted, due to tricks with cables and counter-subsidence. The tower now leans on an angle of 4.1 meters (13 feet), rather than the previous 5 meters (16 feet).

It’s well worth paying the extra to climb the spiral stairs leading to the top of the Leaning Tower for views across Pisa. Make sure you book ahead as reservations are compulsory and numbers are limited.

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Holy Shroud of Turin (Sacra Sindone)
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12
27 Tours en activiteiten

Behind the high altar in the Cathedral of San Giovanni Battista, also known as the Duomo di Torino is the Chapel of the Holy Shroud, containing one of most famous and controversial religious relics in world history.

The Shroud of Turin, as the Holy Shroud is popularly known, or Sacra Sindone, is a piece of linen cloth said to have been laid over the body of Jesus Christ following his crucifixion. It bears the faded image of a bearded, longhaired man who appears to have wounds consistent with Bibilical traditions of those suffered by Christ at his execution.

Whatever the shroud's authenticity, it is certainly old, and its existence has inspired and renewed the faith of innumerable Christians throughout history. Given its importance, the Church has gone to great lengths to preserve it; currently, it is housed in a climate-controlled case filled with a special atmosphere comprised of argon and a little bit of oxygen, and it is rarely displayed.

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Accademia Gallery (Galleria dell'Accademia)
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1242
341 Tours en activiteiten

The Accademia Gallery (Galleria dell'Accademia) is dominated by one artwork in particular - Michelangelo's staggeringly beautiful statue of David. Carved from a single block of marble by the 26-year-old genius, it’s true you can’t really grasp the statue’s size and detail until you see him up-close.

The statue originally stood in the Piazza della Signoria, but was moved to this more protected environment in 1873. A copy now stands in the piazza.

Also here are Michelangelo's muscular Prisoner statues and Florentine artworks from the 13th to 16th centuries.

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Doge's Palace (Palazzo Ducale)
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633
196 Tours en activiteiten

Until 1797, the Doges ruled the Venetian Empire and the Palazzo Ducale was where they ruled from. It was one of the first things those arriving in Venice saw as their ships sailed through the lagoon and landed at Saint Mark's Square. The Doges lived here and the government offices were also in this building. Justice was meted out here and the Golden Book, listing all the important families of Venice, was housed here. No one whose family was not in the Golden Book would ever be made Doge. It was an extremely political process ruling Venice and residents could accuse others of wrong doing by anonymously slipping a note into the Mouth of Truth.

Inside the palace is wonderful art (paintings by Titian, Tintoretto and Veronese), majestic staircases, the Doge's apartments, the government chambers, the prison cells and the Bridge of Sighs. Outside, along the piazzetta, each column is different.

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St. Mark's Basilica (Basilica di San Marco)
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710
189 Tours en activiteiten

Basilica di San Marco (St Mark's Cathedral) is magnificent. It is both a wonderful architectural flurry of Gothic, Byzantine, Romanesque and Renaissance styles declaring the wealth of Venice over centuries, and a spiritual place of worship. Its domes and turrets, and gold mosaic stand out over the square and over Venice, and four ancient classical horses top the entrance, taken from Constantinople (Istanbul) when Venice sacked that city around 1200. Inside the church is dazzling.

The church was begun in 828 when the body of St Mark was returned to Venice, smuggled by merchants from its resting place in Alexandria, Egypt. An angel had told St Mark his final resting place would be Venice (which did not even exist at the time) and the Venetian leaders were keen to make it happen. Over the years, churches were built, burnt, rebuilt and expanded resulting in the incredible building we see today.

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Piazza del Campo
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2
129 Tours en activiteiten

Every Italian city has its central piazza where the city's political, social and cultural business took place, and Siena's is pretty magnificent. The Piazza del Campo was developed in the mid-14th century by the ruling Council of Nine who, naturally, divided the space into nine sectors, each representing one of them. Never be in any doubt that a lot of self-aggrandizement existed during this period.

At one end of the square is the magnificent Palazzo Pubblico, or town hall (now also housing the Museo Civico) and from here the shell-shaped space radiates out. The bell tower of 1297, Torre del Mangia, rises from the palazzo and from up here there are great views. Enclosing the remainder of the square are the Late Gothic palaces of the grand medieval families of Siena. The Fonte Gaia, or fountain of life, is a white marble focal point and meeting place at the top end of the piazza. Twice a year, in July and August, the madness of the traditional bareback horse race.

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Verona Arena
82 Tours en activiteiten

There's nothing quite like sitting where you know others have sat and watched performances for two thousand years. The lovely pink marble Roman amphitheatre built in 1AD still proudly dominates the piazza in the middle of Verona, and people still travel from miles around to witness a spectacle; these days it's opera rather than sports, games and gladiatorial battles. The third largest amphitheatre in Italy, Arena di Verona could once seat 30,000, these days its capacity is 15,000.

With the decline of the Roman Empire, the outer walls were ripped down and used for building materials. In the twelfth century, an earthquake damaged the place and it wasn't really until the nineteenth century that there was an interest in using it once more to stage performances. The current incarnation as a major outdoor opera venue began in 1913 with a celebratory mounting of Verdi's Aida to mark 100 years since his birth.

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Milan Duomo
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670
222 Tours en activiteiten

De kathedraal van Milaan, de Duomo, is een populair symbool van de stad. Het is een uitbundig voorbeeld van gotische bouwkunst in Italië, de puntige spitsen en torens domineren Piazza del Duomo, het kloppend hart van Milaan.

Aan de buitenzijde van de Duomo ziet u een grote verscheidenheid aan torentjes, beelden en steunpilaren. De centrale toren is voorzien van een gouden beeld van de heilige Madonna.

Binnen in de kerk, een van de grootste ter wereld, moeten uw ogen even wennen aan de met kaarsen verlichte omgeving, voordat u de vele altaren, gangpaden en glas-in-rood ramen goed kunt bekijken.

Een van de hoogtepunten tijdens een bezoek aan de kathedraal is het uitzicht vanaf het dak – op een heldere dag kun je vanaf daar de Italiaanse Alpen zien. Neem de trap als je dat kunt (of de lift als dat niet zo is) om over de stad Milaan te spieden, midden tussen de beelden en torenspitsen.

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Lucca Cathedral (Duomo di Lucca)
72 Tours en activiteiten

De hoofdkerk van Lucca is de kathedraal Duomo di Lucca uit de 11de eeuw. Het gebouw staat aan één zijde van het Piazza San Martino. Binnen vinden bezoekers het bekendste reliek van de stad: het Heilige Gezicht (Volto Santo). Dit is een houten kruis dat gemaakt zou zijn door Nicodemus. Het getoonde exemplaar is een replica uit de 13de eeuw, maar desondanks is deze niet minder belangrijk voor de kerk en de stad. Op twee momenten in het jaar wordt de Volto Santo geëerd, en gehuld in speciale gewaden in de kathedraal gepresenteerd. De kerk werd herbouwd in de 14de eeuw, maar de campanile (klokkentoren) van de originele kerk is er nog. Daarom is één boog een stuk smaller dan de andere.

Andere bezienswaardigheden in de Duomo zijn schilderijen van Ghirlandaio en Tintoretto, alsmede een 15de-eeuwse tombe van Ilaria del Carretto uit de Guinigi-familie. Er is ook een museum in de kathedraal gevestigd.

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Uffizi Galleries (Gallerie degli Uffizi)

Gallerie van Uffizi

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1735
347 Tours en activiteiten

Het kunstmuseum van Uffizi, de Galleria degli Uffizi, herbergt een van ’s werelds belangrijkste collecties van Florentijnse kunst, dus als u geen kaarten zonder wachttijd heeft, moet u bereid zijn even te wachten bij de ingang!

De collectie laat de rijke geschiedenis zien van de Florentijnse kunst, vanaf de start in de 11de eeuw tot Botticelli en de bloei van de Renaissance. Centraal staat de privécollectie van de Medici familie, nagelaten aan de stad in de 18de eeuw.

Loop langs de blinkende panelen van Simone Martini en de Sienese school en de middeleeuwse gevechtscenes van Uccello tot wat wellicht het meest populaire stuk van het museum is, “De Geboorte van Venus (The Birth of Venus) van Sandro Botticelli.

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Da Vinci's Last Supper (Il Cenacolo)

"Het laatste Avondmaal" van Leonardo da Vinci

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2412
33 Tours en activiteiten

Veel bezoekers van Milaan zijn kunstliefhebbers die houden van het werk van Da Vinci, terwijl anderen door het lezen van de Da Vinci Code van Dan Brown nieuwsgierig zijn geworden. Beide groepen slaan een bezoek aan Il Cenacolo Vinciano niet over. Ze kunnen daar de muurschildering “Het Laatste Avondmaal” van Da Vinci bekijken.

De beroemde muurschildering bedekt de muur van de eetzaal naast de kerk “Santa Maria delle Grazie”, aan de westelijke stadsrand van Milaan. Het schilderij geeft treffend het moment weer waarop Jezus voorspelde dat een van zijn apostelen hem zou gaan verraden.

Het werk heeft enorm geleden onder de invloed van vocht, oorlog en slechte reparatieprojecten. In 1999 werd een restauratieproject afgerond waarbij de fellere kleuren van eerdere reparaties werden vervangen door meer subtiele tinten.

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Val d'Orcia

Val d'Orcia

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21
91 Tours en activiteiten

The Renaissance period was born in the hills of Italy, and nowhere is this more evident than at Val D’Orcia, an architectural wonderland and UNESCO World Heritage Site in the countryside of Tuscany. Here, the low-lying chalk planes and rolling hills have inspired many an artist to cover canvases with depictions of rural Italian life.

Travelers can explore the quiet tons, like Pienza and Radicofani, and sip incredible wines in the cafes of Montalcino. Whether it’s wandering the hills in search of a true taste of Italy, or traversing the planes with a camera in search of the perfect iconic image of Italy, visitors will find exactly what they’re looking for in Val D’Orcia.

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St. Mark's Square (Piazza San Marco)

St. Mark's Square (Piazza San Marco)

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330
350 Tours en activiteiten

St. Mark's Square (Piazza San Marco) is filled with centuries of history and is still the symbolic heart of Venice; it has even been referred to as the drawing room of Europe. With the grand St Mark's Church at one end, the Campanile bell tower rising in the middle and the elegant colonnaded arcade of famous cafes on three sides, it is a wonderful place to be - and the hundreds of pigeons think so too.

Sit and have coffee (you'll only be able to afford one) and watch the whole world pass by while a tuxedoed band plays. Then plunge north into the narrow streets full of shops leading towards the Rialto Bridge, or west into the city's pocket of high fashion designer stores finishing with an extremely expensive Bellini at Harry's Bar, the place that invented the peach/champagne drink. Alternately, head out of San Marco to the east and stroll the waterfront on the Riva.

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Siena Cathedral (Duomo)

Siena Cathedral (Duomo)

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8
111 Tours en activiteiten

Siena's magnificent Tuscan Gothic cathedral is not to be missed. And if you're in Siena you can't miss it because it dominates the place. Rising high with its magnificent white and greenish black stripes, it has a bit of red thrown in on the front facade and lots of detailing - including scrolls, biblical scenes and gargoyles. In the centre is the huge rose window designed by Duccio di Buoninsegna in 1288. Statues of prophets and philosophers by Giovanni Pisano which used to adorn the facade are now housed indoors at the nearby Museo Dell'Opera.

Inside the place is equally impressive with art by Donatello, Bernini and early Michelangelo. Some of the best pieces such as Duccio di Buoninsegni's Maesta have been moved next door to the Museo Dell'Opera. Unlike other cathedrals where you are craning your neck to see magnificent ceilings and frescoes, here you need to look down at the mosaic floor. The whole floor is tiled and is one of the most impressive in Italy.

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Blue Grotto (Grotta Azzurra)

Blauwe Grot op Capri

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4
261 Tours en activiteiten

Het eiland Capri, voor de kust van Napels en de Amalfitaanse kust, is al eeuwenlang een populair toevluchtsoord. De Romeinse overblijfselen zijn daar getuige van. De Blauwe Grot, dé geologische publiekstrekker van het eiland ontvangt alleen al net zo veel bezoekers als de stranden en winkeltjes op het eiland samen.

De Blauwe Grot is een grot in de rotswand, die een blauwe gloed uitstraalt vanwege de manier waarop het zonlicht in het water reflecteert. Op waterniveau is er een kleine ingang, waardoor bezoekers echt de lichtval van dichtbij kunnen ervaren. Er kan net een kleine roeiboot doorheen, waarbij passagiers plat op de bodem moeten gaan liggen om binnen te kunnen komen.

Eenmaal binnen is de grot ruimer en kun je zittend in de boot genieten van de blauwe gloed die uit het water omhoog lijkt te komen. Het licht komt binnen door een groter gat onder de ingang, dat je niet kunt zien.

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Grand Canal

Grand Canal

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896
182 Tours en activiteiten

The Grand Canal is the main street of Venice. Lined with beautiful, if aging, palazzo, you can hop aboard a gondola and imagine a time when these boats were the main means of transport (once there was 10,000 now there are 400). The impressive palazzo, homes to all the wealthy families, had highly decorated exteriors with colorful paintings and mosaics. These days they tend to have faded to one color but many still have the ornate, oriental facades influenced by the merchant trading with the East which made Venice rich.

Only a few bridges cross the Grand Canal: the Accademia Bridge, the Rialto Bridge and the bridge near the station at Ferrovia. Stand on these and watch boats pass by filled with fruit and vegetables, slabs of soft drink, building materials etc because Venice is still a city without cars and everything the city needs has to be transported by water or handcart.

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Molentargius - Saline Regional Park (Parco Naturale Regionale Molentargius - Saline)

Molentargius - Saline Regional Park (Parco Naturale Regionale Molentargius - Saline)

13 Tours en activiteiten

Italy's Molentargius Natural Park is located on the island of Sardinia between Cagliari and Quartu Sant'Elena. The park covers an area of approximately 3,954 acres. The site was recognized by the Ramsar Convention in 1977 as an important wetland due to the wealth of bird species that live there, and in 1999, it was established as a national park. For centuries the area was an important salt mining region, and the name of the park refers to the donkeys the miners used to haul salt collected from the basins.

The park has several different sections. There are the freshwater basins of Bellarosa Minore and Perdalonga, the salty water basins of Bellarosa Maggiore or Molentargius and Stagno di Quartu, and a flat area with mainly dry features called Is Arenas. Just a few of the birds that can be found here include Slender-billed Gulls, Pink Flamingos, and Kingfishers. It is one of the most important European sites for wintering and breeding for many bird species.

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Juliet’s House (Casa di Giulietta)

Juliet’s House (Casa di Giulietta)

73 Tours en activiteiten

The power of storytelling should never be underestimated. Every year hundreds of thousands of us trek to Verona to see the balcony where Juliet stood while Romeo declared his love. None of us care that it's very possible that Romeo and Juliet were only figments of Shakespeare's imagination. This is the most powerful love story in western culture and we all want to live a little part of its dream – though not its tragic ending.

The house in Verona known as Juliet's house was owned by the family dell Capello, a name not too far from Capulet, right? The house dates from the 13th century and the family coat of arms can still be seen on the wall. A slight problem is the balcony itself, which overlooks the courtyard – it was added in the 20th century. But that's of no matter to the hundreds of girls who every year step out onto it and gaze below seeking their Romeo among the milling tourists.

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Florence Duomo (Cattedrale di Santa Maria dei Fiori)

Duomo

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374
563 Tours en activiteiten

You'll catch glimpses of the red-tiled dome of the Duomo, or Cathedral of Santa Maria dei Fiori, peeping over the rooftops as soon as you arrive in Florence.

The 13th-century Sienese architect Arnolfo di Cambio was responsible for building many landmarks in Florence but this is his showstopper. The beautiful ribbed dome was creatively added by Brunelleschi in the 1420s.

The building took 170 years to complete, and the facade was remodeled to reflect Cambio’s design in the 19th century.

Inside the Duomo, your eyes are inevitably drawn upwards to that soaring painted dome and lovely stained-glass windows by such masters as Donatello. Visit the crypt, where Brunelleschi's tomb lies, or to the top of the enormous dome itself for stupendous views over Florence.

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Ponte Vecchio

Ponte Vecchio

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46
488 Tours en activiteiten
The ancient Ponte Vecchio bridge is as much a symbol of Florence as the red dome of the Duomo. Ponte Vecchio means old bridge, and indeed it dates back to the 14th century. The three-arched bridge is picturesquely lined with several stories of jewelry shops and market stalls. It’s one of the most popular places in Florence for taking a stroll or just hanging out, and the decorative central arches are picture-perfect spots for snapping photos of Florence. Running across the top of the Ponte Vecchio is part of the famous Vasari Corridor, built for the ruling Medicis by the Renaissance painter and designer Vasari. The private enclosed walkway leads from the Palazzo Vecchio and Uffizi Museum, across the top of the bridge to the Pitti Palace on the other side of the river.
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Mt. Vesuvius (Monte Vesuvio)

Mt. Vesuvius

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208
327 Tours en activiteiten

Mount Vesuvius looms across the bay from Naples, 5.6 mi (9 kms) away from the city. It is the only mainland European volcano to have erupted in the last hundred years although it is currently sleeping. Most famously it erupted in 79 AD, burying Pompeii and Herculaneum in ash, killing an estimated 10,000 to 25,000 people.

Today it is still regarded as one of the most dangerous volcanoes because 3 million people live nearby and Vesuvius' eruptions tend to be explosive rather than gentle. The last eruption was in March 1944 which destroyed several nearby villages.

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Roman Forum (Foro Romano)

Roman Forum (Foro Romano)

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980
1.269 Tours en activiteiten

In Ancient Rome, the Forum was the centre of the Roman Empire. Until the 4th century AD, a thousand years of decisions affecting the future of Europe were made here. When Roman soldiers were out conquering the world in the name of the Emperors, temples, courts, markets, and government buildings were thriving in the Forum.

Located between two of Rome's famous hills, the Palatine and Capitoline Hills, it is now a collection of ruins having spent centuries as a quarry for marble and a cow paddock. The Forum became a very dense collection of buildings in its time but mostly all that remains today is columns, arches, and some scattered marbles so it can be difficult to make sense of it all. Ongoing archaeological work continues, and getting a map or a guide can really bring the bustle of the ancient site to life. You can get a great view over the Forum from the overlooking hills in the Farnese Gardens and from Michelangelo's Piazza del Campidoglio.

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Garda Thermal Park (Parco Termale del Garda)

Parco Termale del Garda

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1
4 Tours en activiteiten

Het seismische landschap van Italië heeft geleid tot veel natuurlijke thermische baden in het hele land, waaronder Parco Termale del Garda. Dit ligt aan de noordzijde van het Gardameer op het terrein van een 18de-eeuwse villa, Villa dei Cedri. Het park heeft twee meren en diverse zwembaden, die allen warm gehouden worden dankzij ondergrondse thermische bronnen die ze voeden. In zowel de meren als de baden vindt u fonteinen, watervallen en zelfs watermassage. Ze zijn verlicht in het donker, zodat een ware spabelevenis ontstaat. De grasvelden zijn ideaal om tot rust te komen voor en na het baden. Elke hotelkamer in Villa dei Cedri biedt uitzicht op het park en heeft warm water uit de nabijgelegen thermische bron. Voor een bezoek aan Parco Termale del Garda hoeft u niet te overnachten op het terrein.

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