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Italië bezienswaardigheden

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Colosseum
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5215
2.046 Tours en activiteiten

Het Colosseum in Rome is een van de bekendste plekken uit de oudheid (voor een gebouw uit 80 na Christus is het nog in goede staat). Hier keken de Romeinse keizers naar de dodelijke gevechten van gladiatoren en hun jacht op wilde dieren.

Het stadion is gebouwd om het gewone volk ook te kunnen laten meegenieten van de gevechten. Entree was gratis, hoewel men plekken kreeg naar rang en stand. Gladiatorengevechten werden in 438 verboden, de jacht op wilde dieren ging nog door tot 523.

Het Colosseum valt op door zijn complexe en geavanceerde architectuur en bouwtechniek. Hoewel er op verschillende momenten delen zijn hergebruikt als bouwmateriaal is het nog steeds grotendeels intact. Herkenbaar voor dit gebouw zijn de gelaagde tribunes, de gangen en de ondergrondse ruimten waar de dieren en gladiatoren hun lot moesten afwachten. Eigenlijk heeft dit gebouw aan de wieg gestaan van alle moderne stadions, met dat verschil dat huidige teams hun strijd overleven.

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Roman Forum (Foro Romano)
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1012
1.269 Tours en activiteiten

In Ancient Rome, the Forum was the centre of the Roman Empire. Until the 4th century AD, a thousand years of decisions affecting the future of Europe were made here. When Roman soldiers were out conquering the world in the name of the Emperors, temples, courts, markets, and government buildings were thriving in the Forum.

Located between two of Rome's famous hills, the Palatine and Capitoline Hills, it is now a collection of ruins having spent centuries as a quarry for marble and a cow paddock. The Forum became a very dense collection of buildings in its time but mostly all that remains today is columns, arches, and some scattered marbles so it can be difficult to make sense of it all. Ongoing archaeological work continues, and getting a map or a guide can really bring the bustle of the ancient site to life. You can get a great view over the Forum from the overlooking hills in the Farnese Gardens and from Michelangelo's Piazza del Campidoglio.

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St. Mark's Square (Piazza San Marco)
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330
359 Tours en activiteiten

St. Mark's Square (Piazza San Marco) is filled with centuries of history and is still the symbolic heart of Venice; it has even been referred to as the drawing room of Europe. With the grand St Mark's Church at one end, the Campanile bell tower rising in the middle and the elegant colonnaded arcade of famous cafes on three sides, it is a wonderful place to be - and the hundreds of pigeons think so too.

Sit and have coffee (you'll only be able to afford one) and watch the whole world pass by while a tuxedoed band plays. Then plunge north into the narrow streets full of shops leading towards the Rialto Bridge, or west into the city's pocket of high fashion designer stores finishing with an extremely expensive Bellini at Harry's Bar, the place that invented the peach/champagne drink. Alternately, head out of San Marco to the east and stroll the waterfront on the Riva.

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Venice Islands
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5313
76 Tours en activiteiten
Of the several islands in the Venetian Lagoon, the 3 main ones are Burano, Murano and Torcello. Though small, each island has developed its own name and fame separate from Venice. The people of Burano are known internationally for their lace industry. Murano's inhabitants have a reputation as artisans as well, producing world-famous glassware. Torcello was the first of Venice's Islands to be populated, making it home to some of the areas oldest buildings and finest cathedrals.
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Murano
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5436
55 Tours en activiteiten

Murano is een van de 188 eilanden in de Lagune van Venetië, beroemd vanwege de aanwezige glasfabrieken. Hier wordt het unieke gekleurde glas van Venetië gemaakt, veelal in familiebedrijven. Deze zaten eerst in het centrum van Venetië, maar door de vele branden werden ze in 1291 verbannen naar Murano. Zo lang bestaat deze industrie hier dus al.

Een opleiding voor het maken van Venetiaans glas duurt tien jaar. Het is zo’n gespecialiseerde kunstvorm, dat in het verleden glasmakers niet uit Venetië weg mochten en dat ze werden vermoord als bleek dat ze de bedrijfstak hadden verraden! Tegenwoordig is het handgemaakte glas duur en sterft de bedrijfstak uit. Je wordt bij een bezoek dan ook enthousiast aangemoedigd om iets te kopen.

Op Murano wonen zo’n 4.000 mensen. Op het hoogtepunt waren dit er 30.000 en bouwden rijke Venetianen hun zomerhuizen met grote tuinen op het eiland. Murano had zelfs de eerste botanische tuin van Italië.

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Grand Canal
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896
199 Tours en activiteiten

The Grand Canal is the main street of Venice. Lined with beautiful, if aging, palazzo, you can hop aboard a gondola and imagine a time when these boats were the main means of transport (once there was 10,000 now there are 400). The impressive palazzo, homes to all the wealthy families, had highly decorated exteriors with colorful paintings and mosaics. These days they tend to have faded to one color but many still have the ornate, oriental facades influenced by the merchant trading with the East which made Venice rich.

Only a few bridges cross the Grand Canal: the Accademia Bridge, the Rialto Bridge and the bridge near the station at Ferrovia. Stand on these and watch boats pass by filled with fruit and vegetables, slabs of soft drink, building materials etc because Venice is still a city without cars and everything the city needs has to be transported by water or handcart.

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Doge's Palace (Palazzo Ducale)
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633
201 Tours en activiteiten

Until 1797, the Doges ruled the Venetian Empire and the Palazzo Ducale was where they ruled from. It was one of the first things those arriving in Venice saw as their ships sailed through the lagoon and landed at Saint Mark's Square. The Doges lived here and the government offices were also in this building. Justice was meted out here and the Golden Book, listing all the important families of Venice, was housed here. No one whose family was not in the Golden Book would ever be made Doge. It was an extremely political process ruling Venice and residents could accuse others of wrong doing by anonymously slipping a note into the Mouth of Truth.

Inside the palace is wonderful art (paintings by Titian, Tintoretto and Veronese), majestic staircases, the Doge's apartments, the government chambers, the prison cells and the Bridge of Sighs. Outside, along the piazzetta, each column is different.

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Uffizi Galleries (Gallerie degli Uffizi)
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1735
373 Tours en activiteiten

Het kunstmuseum van Uffizi, de Galleria degli Uffizi, herbergt een van ’s werelds belangrijkste collecties van Florentijnse kunst, dus als u geen kaarten zonder wachttijd heeft, moet u bereid zijn even te wachten bij de ingang!

De collectie laat de rijke geschiedenis zien van de Florentijnse kunst, vanaf de start in de 11de eeuw tot Botticelli en de bloei van de Renaissance. Centraal staat de privécollectie van de Medici familie, nagelaten aan de stad in de 18de eeuw.

Loop langs de blinkende panelen van Simone Martini en de Sienese school en de middeleeuwse gevechtscenes van Uccello tot wat wellicht het meest populaire stuk van het museum is, “De Geboorte van Venus (The Birth of Venus) van Sandro Botticelli.

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Leaning Tower of Pisa
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131
283 Tours en activiteiten

The Leaning Tower of Pisa is one of the most famous structures in the world – not because of its gently rising series of arches, but because of its legendary tilt.

Constructed as the bell tower to accompany the cathedral, the tower began to shift on its foundations in 1178, before the architect, Bonanno Pisano, had completed the first three tiers.

Fortunately, the lean has now been halted, due to tricks with cables and counter-subsidence. The tower now leans on an angle of 4.1 meters (13 feet), rather than the previous 5 meters (16 feet).

It’s well worth paying the extra to climb the spiral stairs leading to the top of the Leaning Tower for views across Pisa. Make sure you book ahead as reservations are compulsory and numbers are limited.

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Siena Cathedral (Duomo)
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112 Tours en activiteiten

Siena's magnificent Tuscan Gothic cathedral is not to be missed. And if you're in Siena you can't miss it because it dominates the place. Rising high with its magnificent white and greenish black stripes, it has a bit of red thrown in on the front facade and lots of detailing - including scrolls, biblical scenes and gargoyles. In the centre is the huge rose window designed by Duccio di Buoninsegna in 1288. Statues of prophets and philosophers by Giovanni Pisano which used to adorn the facade are now housed indoors at the nearby Museo Dell'Opera.

Inside the place is equally impressive with art by Donatello, Bernini and early Michelangelo. Some of the best pieces such as Duccio di Buoninsegni's Maesta have been moved next door to the Museo Dell'Opera. Unlike other cathedrals where you are craning your neck to see magnificent ceilings and frescoes, here you need to look down at the mosaic floor. The whole floor is tiled and is one of the most impressive in Italy.

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Piazzale Michelangelo

Piazzale Michelangelo

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106
173 Tours en activiteiten

Mocht je de schilderachtige taferelen van Florence, zoals ze op ansichtkaarten staan, in het echt willen zien, ga dan naar Piazzale Michelangelo. Dit plein ligt op een heuvel met uitzicht over de stad. Zo zie je vanaf hier de stadsmuren, de rivier Arno, de toren van het Palazzo Vecchio en, uiteraard, de ronde rode koepel van de Duomo.

Tijdens een dagtocht is het genieten van het uitzicht, terwijl je over de promenade Renaissance wandelt. Daar staat ook een kopie van David van Michelangelo. ’s Avonds is het prachtig om de magisch verlichte stad Florence te bekijken.

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St. Mark's Basilica (Basilica di San Marco)

St. Mark's Basilica (Basilica di San Marco)

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710
184 Tours en activiteiten

Basilica di San Marco (St Mark's Cathedral) is magnificent. It is both a wonderful architectural flurry of Gothic, Byzantine, Romanesque and Renaissance styles declaring the wealth of Venice over centuries, and a spiritual place of worship. Its domes and turrets, and gold mosaic stand out over the square and over Venice, and four ancient classical horses top the entrance, taken from Constantinople (Istanbul) when Venice sacked that city around 1200. Inside the church is dazzling.

The church was begun in 828 when the body of St Mark was returned to Venice, smuggled by merchants from its resting place in Alexandria, Egypt. An angel had told St Mark his final resting place would be Venice (which did not even exist at the time) and the Venetian leaders were keen to make it happen. Over the years, churches were built, burnt, rebuilt and expanded resulting in the incredible building we see today.

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Piazza Navona

Piazza Navona

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6214
1.028 Tours en activiteiten
The term “piazza” is often translated as “square,” but when you arrive in Piazza Navona you’ll understand why that doesn’t always work. This oblong-shaped space was once a stadium, where citizens of Ancient Rome would come to watch games and races in the 1st century AD. The stadium may be gone, but the shape of the space remains. Today, the Piazza Navona is home to a selection of beautiful Baroque churches and fountains, some fabulously expensive outdoor cafes, and (often) vendors selling tourist trinkets. During the holidays, a Christmas market fills much of the piazza. At the center of the Piazza Navona is Gian Lorenzo Bernini’s famous Fountain of the Four Rivers, with an Egyptian obelisk sitting atop the sculpture. There are two other smaller fountains, one at each end of the piazza, both by Giacomo della Porta. The most prominent building lining the piazza is the church of Sant’Agnese in Agone, at the center facing one side of Bernini’s fountain.
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Rialto Bridge (Ponte di Rialto)

Rialto Bridge (Ponte di Rialto)

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216
289 Tours en activiteiten

Rialto Bridge or Ponte di Rialto was the city's first bridge over the Grand Canal. Connecting the highest points on the lagoon islands settlement, the first bridge was built in 1180 and this more solid marble one in 1588-92. The bridge is an elegant arch with steps and shops, a mass of water traffic passing underneath, and huge numbers of tourists and Venetians heading across it.

The area around the bridge was, and still is, full of important city functions. Nearby are the city's markets: the fresh produce and the fish market. They have been there for 700 years. This area was also where the first banks were established, where the traders who made Venice rich set sail from and sold their goods on return, where courts met, prisoners were held and punished, and new laws were declared.

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Piazza del Campo

Piazza del Campo

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134 Tours en activiteiten

Every Italian city has its central piazza where the city's political, social and cultural business took place, and Siena's is pretty magnificent. The Piazza del Campo was developed in the mid-14th century by the ruling Council of Nine who, naturally, divided the space into nine sectors, each representing one of them. Never be in any doubt that a lot of self-aggrandizement existed during this period.

At one end of the square is the magnificent Palazzo Pubblico, or town hall (now also housing the Museo Civico) and from here the shell-shaped space radiates out. The bell tower of 1297, Torre del Mangia, rises from the palazzo and from up here there are great views. Enclosing the remainder of the square are the Late Gothic palaces of the grand medieval families of Siena. The Fonte Gaia, or fountain of life, is a white marble focal point and meeting place at the top end of the piazza. Twice a year, in July and August, the madness of the traditional bareback horse race.

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Da Vinci's Last Supper (Il Cenacolo)

"Het laatste Avondmaal" van Leonardo da Vinci

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2421
36 Tours en activiteiten

Veel bezoekers van Milaan zijn kunstliefhebbers die houden van het werk van Da Vinci, terwijl anderen door het lezen van de Da Vinci Code van Dan Brown nieuwsgierig zijn geworden. Beide groepen slaan een bezoek aan Il Cenacolo Vinciano niet over. Ze kunnen daar de muurschildering “Het Laatste Avondmaal” van Da Vinci bekijken.

De beroemde muurschildering bedekt de muur van de eetzaal naast de kerk “Santa Maria delle Grazie”, aan de westelijke stadsrand van Milaan. Het schilderij geeft treffend het moment weer waarop Jezus voorspelde dat een van zijn apostelen hem zou gaan verraden.

Het werk heeft enorm geleden onder de invloed van vocht, oorlog en slechte reparatieprojecten. In 1999 werd een restauratieproject afgerond waarbij de fellere kleuren van eerdere reparaties werden vervangen door meer subtiele tinten.

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Palatine Hill (Palatino)

Palatine Hill (Palatino)

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17920
5 Tours en activiteiten
Rome is famously built on seven hills, but it’s the Palatine Hill that is the most legendary - it is said that it was on the Palatine Hill that Romulus originally founded the city. Because of this, many of Rome’s most famous archaeological sites are on or right around the Palatine Hill. Some of the structures you can still see in some form on the Palatine Hill include the Flavian Palace, a palace thought to be the residence of Emperor Augustus’ wife, and the Hippodrome of Domitian. Archaeologists are still hard at work excavating on the Palatine, and in recent years they’ve found a palace believed to be the birthplace of Augustus, Rome’s first emperor, as well as a cave beneath the hill that they believe was the site of the legendary Lupercalia celebrations. These supposedly took place in the cave where the she-wolf nursed Rome’s founder Romulus and his twin brother Remus, so it’s an incredibly significant discovery.
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Florence Duomo (Cattedrale di Santa Maria dei Fiori)

Duomo

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374
601 Tours en activiteiten

You'll catch glimpses of the red-tiled dome of the Duomo, or Cathedral of Santa Maria dei Fiori, peeping over the rooftops as soon as you arrive in Florence.

The 13th-century Sienese architect Arnolfo di Cambio was responsible for building many landmarks in Florence but this is his showstopper. The beautiful ribbed dome was creatively added by Brunelleschi in the 1420s.

The building took 170 years to complete, and the facade was remodeled to reflect Cambio’s design in the 19th century.

Inside the Duomo, your eyes are inevitably drawn upwards to that soaring painted dome and lovely stained-glass windows by such masters as Donatello. Visit the crypt, where Brunelleschi's tomb lies, or to the top of the enormous dome itself for stupendous views over Florence.

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Pantheon

Pantheon

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240
1.070 Tours en activiteiten

Het Pantheon in Rome is een gebouw met een opvallende architectuur. Het is het grootste gemetselde gewelf dat ooit gemaakt is, met een soort zwevende koepel en grote pilaren. In het midden van de koepel zit een gat waardoor licht naar binnen kan. Het maakt de schoonheid en relatief simpele inrichting zichtbaar. Een bezoek aan het Pantheon voelt heel speciaal.

Het gebouw werd oorspronkelijk gebouwd in 27 voor Christus en herbouwd in 120 na Christus door keizer Hadrianus. De tempel is regelmatig beschadigd en leeggeroofd geweest. In het jaar 609 werd het een christelijke kerk, gewijd aan de heilige maagd Maria. In de 17de-eeuw werd een deel van het bronzen dak omgesmolten voor gebruik in de Sint-Pietersbasiliek. In het Pantheon zijn onder andere Koning Victor Emanuel II en de kunstenaar Raphael begraven.

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Trevi Fountain (Fontana di Trevi)

Trevi Fountain (Fontana di Trevi)

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264
1.135 Tours en activiteiten
The Trevi Fountain is one of the most famous and most beloved sights in Rome. A huge Baroque flurry (85 by 65 feet or 25 by 20 meters) where water spills from rocks under the feet of Neptune, Triton and sea-horses into a large pool, it's always surrounded by coin-tossing tourists. Superstition has it that if you toss a coin into the fountain you will one day return to Rome. It shows how much people love this city that up to $3,500 a day is thrown in! The money is collected at night by the city and distributed to charity. The Trevi Fountain began as a humble water outlet, the end of the Aqua Virgo aqueduct built in 19 BC to bring water to Roman Baths. The name comes from its location at the junction of three roads ('tre vie'). Around 1735 Pope Clement XII commissioned Niccolo Salvi to design the fountain we still love today.
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Catacombs of Rome (Catacombe di Roma)

Catacomben van Rome

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280
177 Tours en activiteiten

De catacomben van de vroege christenen zijn ondergrondse begraafplaatsen met duizenden menselijke resten. Dit sinistere verschijnsel stamt al uit de 2de-eeuw. Het christelijk geloof werd toen gezien als een verheerlijking en gelovigen werden als heiden omgebracht en begraven als martelaren. Deze tochten nodigen u uit om af te dalen naar de ondergrondse grafkamers van Rome, met bochtige gangen en aloude crypten. Ontdek de duistere geheimen van het vroege Christendom in keizerlijk Rome.

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Bridge of Sighs

Bridge of Sighs

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84 Tours en activiteiten

Built in 1602, the Ponte dei Sospiri (Bridge of Sighs) connected the interrogation rooms in the Doges Palace with the prison cells. It got its name from the fact that prisoners passing across it sighed for their lost freedom and their final view of Venice through the barred windows. The prison cells were small, dank and often a final stop before death. You can see them on a tour of the Palazzo Ducale (Doges Palace).

Designed by Antoni Contino whose uncle designed the Rialto Bridge, the Bridge of Sighs is covered-in, with bars on the windows, made of white limestone. From the outside it is lovely, from the inside not so pretty.

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Borghese Gallery (Galleria Borghese)

Galleria Borghese

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120 Tours en activiteiten

Galleria Borghese is een museum in park Villa Borghese in Rome. De familie Borghese was een invloedrijke Italiaanse familie, waarvan een van de leden in 1552 paus werd (Paus Paul V). Hij gaf veel van zijn familieleden belangrijke posities.

Een daarvan was neef Scipione Borghese, die in 1605 een grote wijngaard kocht die hij ombouwde tot een groot park. Daarin liet hij Villa Borghese bouwen, voor feesten en de kunstcollectie van de familie. Hij was patroon van de bekende beeldhouwer Bernini. Veel van diens stukken maken daarom deel uit van de collectie van Borghese.

In 1903 kocht de stad Rome Villa Borghese en werd het complex toegankelijk voor het publiek. In 1911 werd er de Wereldtentoonstelling gehouden, enkele onderkomens van toen deelnemende landen zijn er nog steeds. Museum en Gallery Borghese heeft schilderijen van Titian, Raphael en Rubens. Het nabijgelegen Museum of Modern Art heeft werken van vooral Italiaanse kunstenaars uit de 19de en 20ste eeuw.

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Piazza Tasso

Piazza Tasso

90 Tours en activiteiten

Sitting astride the gorge that once divided cliff-clinging Sorrento in two, you’ll find Piazza Tasso, the central living room of the town. Piazza Tasso is where the locals come to see and be seen, to sit in cafes and bars, or to catch a bus; it all happens here. During the day it’s a busy traffic hub, but at night the traffic is limited and the residents take the space back from the cars and buses. The square is named after the Renaissance poet, Torquato Tasso, born in Sorrento and due to be crowned King of the Poets by the Pope until he died mere days before the ceremony. A statue of the great man stands in one corner of the piazza. Around the square you’ll find the lovely Baroque Church del Carmine Maggiore , and the Palazzo Correale, an 18th century mansion built around a 15th century house owned by the aristocratic Correale family. Leading from the square is Sorrento’s main shopping street, Via San Cesareo, a busy pedestrianized commercial hub full of lemon-based treats.

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